VINE AND SCORCHED LAND
This is a three-year documentary project about the story of the modern Phoenix, of the people who emerged from the ash.
In 1730, a massive volcanic eruption changed the island of Lanzarote forever. For six years, the earth boiled and trembled. When the volcanoes finally fell asleep, people woke up to a new reality – to life in a black desert, in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. To survive in their new environment, the local farmers developed a unique agricultural system; they channeled the volcanic soil, overcame harsh weather conditions, and created an ecosystem that does not exist anywhere else in the world.
After the eruptions, the farmers discovered that the Picón, a pumice-like volcanic stone, absorbs the moisture of the night-dew and reduces evaporation. As the average rainfall of the island stands at four inches a year, the Picón was a blessing. They have started to plant grapevines, figs, and vegetables in two-meters deep pits, surrounded by stone walls. Without irrigation, electricity, and heavy machinery, this Sisyphean method allowed the roots to thrive in the rich and moist inner soil and kept the plants out of the desiccating trade winds. Soon, the lunar-like plains were covered by thousands of green grapevines – the result of creativity and hard manual work.
As agriculture deepened its roots in the island’s culture, it formed traditions and shaped daily routines. However, today’s modernization and globalization risk this unique lifestyle with extinction. Out of Lanzarote’s 150,000 residents – only 1,500 still work in agriculture. The warm weather and virgin coastlines attract three million tourists a year and the young generation of Lanzarote prefers to work in the blooming, more convenient tourism industry. With the number of winegrowers falling, and climate change wreaking havoc, the future of agriculture in Lanzarote appears more challenging than ever.